PRESS, YESHAYAHU (1874–1955), Israel historian and topographer of Ereẓ Israel. Press was born in the Old City of Jerusalem. He was a teacher and headmaster of the Laemel School until his retirement and was active in the civic life of Jerusalem for almost 50 years. His scholarly work was devoted to the history of Ereẓ Israel, and especially of its Jewish communities. His main work is Erez Yisrael Enziklopedyah Topografit-Historit – A Topographical-Historical Encyclopedia of Palestine (4 vols., 1946–55). His memoirs Me'ah Shanah bi-Yrushalayim, published posthumously (1964), are a vivid description of life in the Old City. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Ish-Shalom et al.(eds.), Yerushalayim, 4 (1953), 7–11. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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